Ho Chi Minh City’s (Saigon) Tan Son Nhat Airport is Vietnam’s busiest international air hub, followed by Hanoi’s Noi Bai Airpot. A few international flights also serve Danang. Singapore, Hongkong, Bangkok have emerged as the principle embarkation points for Vietnam but it’s still possible to get direct flights from a number of major Asian and European cities and a few American, Australian cities.
There are currently six border crossings for travellers coming to Vietnam, but more may open soon. All crossing points suffer from heavy policing and often requests for ‘immigration fees’.
- Tan Son Nhat International Airport
- Noi Bai International Airport
- Danang International airport
By Overland and River Border
Cambodia shares one border crossing with Laos, six crossing with Thailand and eight with Vietnam.
Lao Cai Border Gate in Lao Cai Province:
Lao Cai Border Gate is in the north of Lao Cai City. From Lao Cai City, across Ho Kieu Bridge – link Lao Cai Province (Vietnam) with Yunnan Province (China) – to China.
Mong Cai Border Gate in Quang Ninh Province:
Mong Cai Border Gate is in the northeast of Quang Ninh Province, 176km from Halong City, 327km from Hanoi. From Halong City, along the highway 18 to Mong Cai Town, and then across the Mong Cai Border Gate to China.
Huu Nghi Border Gate in Lang Son Province:
Huu Nghi Border Gate is 17km from Lang Son City to the north, 171km from Hanoi to the northeast.
Dong Dang Border Gate in Lang Son Province:
The international train route from Hanoi to Dong Dang Station in Lang Son, where customs and immigration procedures are completed to go to China.
Cambodian and Vietnam share a long frontier with a bevy of border crossings. Foreigners are currently permitted to cross at 8pm and there are new crossings opening every year.
Moc Bai / Bavet, Cambodia
This is a biggest official border get between Vietnam and Cambodia, It takes about 5 hours to travel from Bavet to Phnom Penh and Visa upon arrival is available.
Chau Doc / Kaam Samnor, Cambodia
This is an official river-border on the Mekong River, is becoming the popular get way for tourists come to Cambodia from Vietnam by boat, ferry.
Tinh Bien / Phnom Den, Takeo, Cambodia
Tourist Visa upon arrival is available, but it is good for those who prefer to visit Kampot and Sihanouk Ville rather than Phnom Penh or Siem Reap.
Xa Xia / Prek Chak, KEP, Cambodia
This border crossing connects Kep and Kampot with Mekong Delta town of Ha Tien. This crossing offers the prospect of linking the Cambodian coast with beautiful Vietnamese island of Phu Quoc, formerly is the Cambodian island of Koh Trol.
Le Tanh / Oyadaw, Rattanakiri, Cambodia
Tourist Visa upon arrival is available, offering connections between Ban Lung and Pleiku. It is about 25km from border to Ban Lung City.
Xa Mat / Trapaeng Plong, Kompong Cham, Cambodia
Xa Mat Crossings could be useful for those planning to visit Cao Dai temple traveling to or from Ho Chi Minh City.
Loc Ninh / Trapaeng Sre, Kompong Cham, Cambodia Khanh Binh / Banteay Chakrey
There are 7 (and counting) overland crossings between Vietnam and Lao. Thirty day Lao visas are now available at the busies borders, but currently not at Nam Xoi, Na Phao and Phou Keua border.
Lao Bao / Dansavanh
Known as Lao Bao-Dansavanh, this is the most popular border crossing between Laos and Vietnam and is usually the most hassle free. The border town of Lao Bao is on Hwy 9, 80km west of Dong Ha. Just across the border is the southern Lao province of Savanakhet, and the first town you come to is Sepon.
Cao Treo / Nam Phao
Vietnam’s Hwy 8 hits Laos at the Keo Nua Pass, known as Cau Treo in Vietnamese and Kaew Neua in Laos. The border is 96km west of Vinh and about 30km east of Lak Sao in Laos. Thirty day Lao visas are available, but Vietnamese visas must be arranged in advance.
Nam Can / Nong Haet
Is 119km east of Phonsavan and 250km northwest of Vinh. Thirty day Lao visas are available, but Vietnamese visas must be arranged in advance.
Cha Lo / Na Phao
Situated between Don Bai Dinh (Vietnam) and Na Phao (Laos). Laos and Vietnamese visas are not available at this border.
Nam Xoi / Na Meo
In Thanh Hoa province. It is the most remote crossing, 175km northwest of Thanh Hoa (Vietnam) and 70km east of Xam Nua (Laos). Laos and Vietnamese visas are not available at this border.
Bo Y / Phou Keau
The border Bo Y-Phou Keau border crossing lies 86km northeast of Kon Tum (Vietnam) and 119km northwest of Attapeu (Laos). Laos and Vietnamese visas are not available at this border.
Tay Trang / Sop Hun
The Laos border at Tay Trang is 34km from Dien Bien Phu. Laos and Vietnamese visas are not available at this border.